Oesophageal carcinoma: the need for screening

Eur J Cancer Prev. 1993 Jan;2(1):5-12.


Oesophageal cancer is a substantial cause of mortality in the Western world and recent data indicate that the incidence is increasing. Despite better understanding of the pathogenesis and in the surgical management of the disease, little improvement in the survival rates has been achieved anywhere in the world, especially because screening for detection of premalignant lesions cannot, at present, be adequately applied to populations at risk. The present review summarizes current knowledge of the use of conventional screening methods as well as possible applications of new techniques to targeted populations to permit earlier diagnosis of premalignant lesions of the oesophagus.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / prevention & control*
  • Barrett Esophagus / pathology
  • Barrett Esophagus / prevention & control*
  • Biomarkers
  • Carcinoma / prevention & control*
  • Contraindications
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Esophagoscopy
  • Forecasting
  • Humans
  • Mass Screening* / economics
  • Mass Screening* / trends


  • Biomarkers