We have established 2 Philadelphia chromosome (Ph1)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cell lines, designated PALL-1 and PALL-2, from distinct adult Ph1-positive ALL patients. PALL-1 was established in nude mice, and PALL-2 was established in culture. Both retained the Ph1 chromosome and expressed the ALL type bcr/abl chimeric mRNA containing the junction of the first exon of BCR gene (e1) and second exon of c-abl gene (a2). PALL-1 and PALL-2 expressed CD34 surface antigen which is characteristic of early hematopoietic progenitor cells. PALL-2 expressed antigens for both pre-B and early myeloid cells and had rearrangements of both the heavy chain of immunoglobulin gene and the beta chain of T-cell-receptor gene. Both PALL-1 and PALL-2 expressed detectable levels of p53 gene RNA. Polymerase-chain-reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis of the p53 gene showed a normal pattern of mobility in both cell lines. Taken together, the 2 cell lines had features of Ph1-positive ALL: (i) hematopoietic progenitor cells with pre-B-cell phenotype and, (ii) activation of e1-a2 type bcr/abl oncogene without alterations of p53 gene. These unique lines should provide a valuable tool for studying the pathogenesis of Ph1-positive ALL.