Polymerase chain reaction-based detection of MN blood group-specific sequences in the human genome

Transfusion. 1993 Feb;33(2):119-24. doi: 10.1046/j.1537-2995.1993.33293158042.x.

Abstract

The MN blood group antigens have traditionally been detected by serotyping; however, development of a DNA-based method offers flexibility in the determination of this highly polymorphic system. Genotyping the MN blood group antigens was performed by polymerase chain reaction amplification of the specific alleles (PASA) in the human genome. In separate paired reactions, M or N allele-specific oligonucleotide primers were amplified with a common distal primer. Only in the presence of the homologous template was a 781-base pair polymerase chain reaction amplification product visible after agarose gel electrophoresis and ethidium bromide staining. This method of genotyping could be performed using either 1 microgram of extracted DNA or 0.5 microL of whole blood, and the results showed 100-percent correlation with those obtained by serotyping. PASA-based genotyping of MN blood group antigens, which requires a small amount of starting material, has application in linkage and population studies and in forensic medicine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Gene Amplification
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • MNSs Blood-Group System / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction

Substances

  • MNSs Blood-Group System