Tumor necrosis factor-alpha activates pulmonary artery endothelial protein kinase C

Am J Physiol. 1993 Jan;264(1 Pt 1):L7-14. doi: 10.1152/ajplung.1993.264.1.L7.


We investigated the hypothesis that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) activates pulmonary endothelial protein kinase C (PKC). Confluent bovine pulmonary artery endothelial monolayers were exposed to recombinant human TNF, and the translocation of PKC, an indicator of enzyme activation, was studied using both slot immunoblotting and immunofluorescence. For slot immunoblot analysis, membrane and cytosol lysate fractions were prepared, and PKC antigen was assessed using MC5 monoclonal anti-PKC antibody. TNF (1,000 U/ml for 15 min) induced translocation of PKC into the membrane. Immunofluorescence analysis with the MC5 antibody was also used. Monolayers treated with culture medium showed diffuse cytoplasmic fluorescence. In contrast, treatment with either TNF (1,000 U/ml for 15 min) or 1,2-dioctanoylglycerol (4 x 10(-5) M for 5 min), a diacylglycerol that activates PKC, resulted in translocation of fluorescence to the cell periphery; fine, punctate PKC-associated fluorescence was localized to the margins of cells. The TNF-induced translocation of PKC was inhibited using either IP-300 polyclonal anti-TNF antibody (indicating that the TNF effect was not due to the vehicle or contaminating endotoxin) or calphostin C (10(-6) M for 15 min), which inhibits PKC activation by interacting with the regulatory diacylglycerol-binding domain. TNF treatment had no effect on either the content of PKC, or of total protein, in the membrane + cytosol, and cycloheximide (40 microM for 5 min) did not alter the translocation of PKC induced by TNF; these results indicate that the effect of TNF on PKC translocation was related to neither de novo membrane synthesis of PKC (as opposed to translocation per se) nor nonspecific augmentation of protein synthesis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biological Transport
  • Cattle
  • Diglycerides / metabolism
  • Endothelium, Vascular / enzymology*
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Immunoblotting
  • Protein Kinase C / chemistry
  • Protein Kinase C / metabolism*
  • Pulmonary Artery / enzymology*
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology*


  • Diglycerides
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • 1,2-dioctanoylglycerol
  • Protein Kinase C