Pharmacokinetics and protein binding of ceftriaxone during pregnancy

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1993 Jan;37(1):54-9. doi: 10.1128/AAC.37.1.54.

Abstract

The purpose of the present work was to study the pharmacokinetics and the protein binding (free fraction of the drug) of ceftriaxone (CTX) during pregnancy. Nine pregnant women (ages, 20 to 34 years) whose gestational ages ranged from 28 4/7 to 40 5/7 weeks were included. The diagnosis of infection was established in all cases; i.e., four women had chorioamnionitis and five women had pyelonephritis. The following triple antibiotic therapy was infused with the aim of achieving cure: CTX, 2 g once every 24 h (constant rate over 60 min); tobramycin, 3 mg/kg of body weight once every 24 h; and ornidazole, 1 g/day. Two series of blood samples were collected, i.e., during the first day of treatment (on day 1), to establish the primary pharmacokinetic profile of CTX, and at the plateau (on day 7), to evaluate a possible accumulation of the drug. This was an open, noncompartmental study, with each patient serving as her own control. Concentrations of total and unbound CTX in serum were measured by a high-performance liquid chromatographic method. Pharmacokinetic analysis was done by a noncompartmental method. Data were compared by a Wilcoxon t test (a P value of < or = 0.05 was considered significant). Data were also compared with those obtained for healthy subjects who received similar treatments. (i) The tolerance to treatment was excellent, and in all cases patients had a complete remission without premature delivery. (ii) No accumulation of CTX was noted during the treatment, and the profiles of the drug determined at days 1 and 7 were not significantly different.(iii) The pharmacokinetic parameters measured in pregnant patients during the third trimester of pregnancy were similar to those measured in healthy subjects. (iv) Residual concentrations of total and unbound CTX measured at 24 h were greater than the MICs for allegedly susceptible organisms, both on day 1 and at steady state. (v) During the final 3 months of pregnancy, the dosage schedule of CTX (2-g infusion per day) required no particular adjustment (i.e., neither a loading dose nor any increase in the maintenance dose.)

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Ceftriaxone / administration & dosage
  • Ceftriaxone / adverse effects
  • Ceftriaxone / pharmacokinetics*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Protein Binding
  • Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet

Substances

  • Ceftriaxone