Multiple primary cancers in the Vaud Cancer Registry, Switzerland, 1974-89

Br J Cancer. 1993 Feb;67(2):391-5. doi: 10.1038/bjc.1993.72.


Data collected by the Cancer Registry of the Swiss Canton of Vaud (whose population in 1980 was about 530,000 inhabitants) were used to estimate the incidence of second metachronous primary cancers following any specific neoplasm. Among 34,615 cases of incident neoplasms registered between 1974 and 1989 and followed through integrated active follow-up to the end of 1989, for a total of 118,241 person-years at risk, there were 2,185 second primaries (1,280 males, 905 females). For both sexes, the standardised incidence ratios (SIR) were significantly elevated by about 20%. Overall significantly elevated ratios were registered for cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx (SIR = 1.6 for males, 2.0 for females), oesophagus in males (SIR = 1.5), lung in males (SIR = 1.4), skin melanoma (SIR = 1.7 for males, 1.5 for females), non-melanomatous skin cancers (SIR = 1.6 for males, 1.5 for females), female breast (SIR = 1.3), kidney (SIR = 1.5 for males, 1.9 for females), and thyroid in males (SIR = 2.4). When specific first cancer sites were considered, the SIR following a cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx was around 3 in both sexes, mainly on account of a substantial excess of second primaries of the oral cavity, oesophagus, larynx and lung. The overall SIR following laryngeal cancer was 3.0, and significant excesses were observed for oral cavity and pharynx, oesophagus and lung. After lung cancer, the overall SIR was 1.7 for males and 2.6 for females, and significantly elevated SIRs were observed for oral cavity, lung and oesophagus. Following non-melanomatous skin cancers, elevated SIRs were observed in both sexes for skin melanoma and non-melanomas. The incidence of any cancer after breast cancer was significantly elevated (SIR = 1.2), mainly on account of an elevated risk of subsequent breast cancer (SIR = 1.7). With reference to cervical cancer, there was a significant excess for any subsequent primary (SIR = 1.6), and for lung cancer (SIR = 7.8). Significantly elevated SIRs were observed for kidney following bladder cancer, and for bladder after kidney cancer. In both sexes, the incidence of cancers of any site was elevated following leukaemias (SIR = 1.7 for males, 2.5 for females), and a significant excess was registered for lung in males and non-melanomatous skin cancers in both sexes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / epidemiology*
  • Registries
  • Switzerland / epidemiology