Response of genetic hypercalciuric rats to a low calcium diet

Kidney Int. 1993 Jan;43(1):189-96. doi: 10.1038/ki.1993.31.

Abstract

A fundamental mechanism for hypercalciuria in genetic hypercalciuric rats appears due to a primary increase in intestinal calcium absorption. However previous studies could not exclude additional mechanisms to account for the hypercalciuria. To determine if enhanced bone mineral dissolution either as a primary abnormality or secondary to a defect in renal tubule calcium reabsorption is responsible for a component of the augmented calcium excretion we studied rats continually inbred for hypercalciuria. Nineteenth generation adult female idiopathic hypercalciuric (IH) and non-inbred control (Ctl) rats were fed 13 g/day of a normal calcium diet (0.6% calcium, NCD) for 10 days. Urine calcium excretion over the last seven days was greater in IH (34 +/- 2 mg/7 day) than in Ctl (2.9 +/- 0.3, P < 0.01) rats. Some rats in each group were continued on the same diet while others were fed a low calcium diet (0.02% calcium, LCD) for an additional 10 days; balance measurements were made over the final seven days. With LCD, urine calcium excretion was approximately 8-fold higher in IH compared to Ctl (13 +/- 2 mg/7 day vs. 1.6 +/- 0.1, IH vs. Ctl, respectively, P < 0.01). In IH rats percent calcium absorption was greater (59 +/- 3% vs. 45 +/- 3, IH vs. Ctl, P < 0.01), however calcium retention was negative (-1.9 +/- 2.0 mg/7 day vs. 6.5 +/- 0.5, IH vs. Ctl, P < 0.01) compared to Ctl rats. The fall in urine calcium excretion when IH rats are fed LCD indicates that enhanced intestinal calcium absorption is a primary mechanism of the hypercalciuria.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Calcitriol / blood
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Calcium / urine*
  • Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage*
  • Female
  • Intestinal Absorption
  • Male
  • Phosphorus / urine
  • Potassium / urine
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Sodium / urine

Substances

  • Calcium, Dietary
  • Phosphorus
  • Sodium
  • Calcitriol
  • Potassium
  • Calcium