Trimethylaminuria in a girl with Prader-Willi syndrome and del(15)(q11q13)

Am J Med Genet. 1993 Feb 1;45(3):335-9. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.1320450310.


We report on an individual with trimethylaminuria, Prader-Willi syndrome, and del(15) (q11q13). To our knowledge, such an association has never been reported. Skin sores secondary to choline-rich foods and amenable to dietary control have not been described in trimethylaminuria, although they are seen in some patients with Prader-Willi syndrome. Pathogenesis, clinical diagnosis, and management of reported cases with trimethylaminuria are reviewed. Serious social and behavioral problems may result from strong body odor. Amelioration of the "fish odor" by dietary choline restriction makes trimethylaminuria detection important. Association of trimethylaminuria with Prader-Willi syndrome and del(15) (q11q13) in this patient is of particular interest. It may represent a contiguous gene syndrome, or deletion of the normal allele leading to expression of a single recessive trimethylaminuria gene, or an unrelated association, such as in Noonan syndrome. However, recent development of mapping of flavin-containing monooxygenase 2 (FMO2), the likely enzyme that is defective in fish odor syndrome, to chromosome 1q probably excludes pathogenetic association of fish odor syndrome with the Prader-Willi syndrome.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Child
  • Choline / administration & dosage
  • Chromosome Deletion*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15*
  • Diet
  • Female
  • Fishes
  • Humans
  • Metabolism, Inborn Errors / urine*
  • Methylamines / urine*
  • Odorants
  • Oxidoreductases, N-Demethylating / deficiency
  • Prader-Willi Syndrome / genetics*
  • Syndrome


  • Methylamines
  • Oxidoreductases, N-Demethylating
  • trimethylamine dehydrogenase
  • trimethylamine
  • Choline