A protein factor, SF I, which stimulated DNA polymerase activity severalfold was purified from nuclei of sea urchin embryos by phase separation, ammonium sulfate fractionation, DNA-cellulose, CM-cellulose and hydroxyapatitecolumn chromatography and gel filtration. The molecular weight of SF I was about 220 000, the S20,W value was about 8.5 and the isoelectric point was determined to be pH 5.1. In the presence of SF I,V of the DNA-polymerizing reaction was increased and Km values for the substrates of this reaction were not changed. Addition of polyamines increased the rate of stimulation. ATP which was required for stimulation could be substituted by other ribonucleoside triphosphates. SF I, nuclear DNA polymerase and ATP seemed to form an active complex, and in the complex, ATP was found to have been converted to AMP and inorganic pyrophosphate.