Fresh surgical specimens derived from 36 patients with advanced stomach cancer were orthotopically transplanted in nude mice using histologically intact tissue. Twenty of 36 patient tumors gave rise to locally growing tumors in the mice. All 20 patients whose stomach tumors resulted in local growth in the nude mice had clinical lymph-node involvement, whereas 8 of the other 16 patients whose tumors were rejected had lymph-node involvement. There was a statistical correlation (p < 0.01) between local tumor growth in nude mice and clinical lymph-node involvement. Of the 20 cases resulting in local growth in the nude mice, 5 had clinical liver metastases and all 5 cases resulted in liver metastases in the nude mice. Of the 20 cases, 6 had clinical peritoneal involvement of their tumor, and of these 5 resulted in peritoneal metastasis in the nude mice. There were statistical correlations (p < 0.01) for both liver metastases and peritoneal involvement between patients and mice. These results indicate that, after orthotopic transplantation of histologically intact stomach cancers from patients to nude mice, the subsequent metastatic behavior of the tumors in the mice closely correlated with the course of the tumors in the patients.