Adolescent suicide prevention. Current research and social policy implications

Am Psychol. 1993 Feb;48(2):169-82. doi: 10.1037//0003-066x.48.2.169.

Abstract

The rate of adolescent suicide has increased dramatically in the past few decades, prompting several interventions to curb the increase. Unfortunately, many of the intervention efforts have not benefited from current research findings because the communication between researchers and those who develop the interventions is inadequate. Of specific concern are the increasingly popular curriculum-based suicide prevention programs, which have not demonstrated effectiveness and may contain potentially deleterious components. This article reviews the current epidemiological research in adolescent suicide and suggests how this knowledge could be used more effectively to reduce the rate of adolescent suicide. Recommendations include support for integrated primary prevention efforts; suicide prevention education for professionals; education and policies on firearm management; education for the media about adolescent suicide; more efficient identification and treatment of at-risk youth, including those exposed to suicidal behavior; crisis intervention; and treatment for suicide attempters.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Personality Development*
  • Public Policy*
  • Risk Factors
  • Suicide / prevention & control*
  • Suicide / psychology
  • Suicide / statistics & numerical data
  • United States / epidemiology