Intra-articular fractures of the calcaneum. Part II: Open reduction and internal fixation by the extended lateral transcalcaneal approach

J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1993 Mar;75(2):189-95. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.75B2.8444935.


The classification of intra-articular fractures of the calcaneum described in part I is related to an operative approach which allows accurate reduction and stable fixation of the fracture fragments. An extended lateral incision is used to avoid sural nerve damage and problems of soft-tissue healing. In type 3 fractures, access to the lateral joint fragment requires an osteotomy of the lateral wall, but after this the lateral joint fragment can be rotated out of the subtalar joint to allow transcalcaneal reduction of the medial wall. Reduction of the body fragment and lateral joint fragment on to the sustentacular fragment allows the three fragments to be stabilised by a 3.5 mm Y-shaped reconstruction plate. Our early results have been successful in terms of fracture reduction and the restoration of heel shape and joint congruity, but extended follow-up will be necessary to define the indications for this difficult procedure.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bone Plates
  • Bone Screws
  • Calcaneus / diagnostic imaging
  • Calcaneus / injuries*
  • Calcaneus / surgery*
  • Female
  • Fracture Fixation, Internal / methods*
  • Fractures, Bone / diagnostic imaging
  • Fractures, Bone / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed