Blockade by newly-developed antidepressants of biogenic amine uptake into rat brain synaptosomes

Life Sci. 1993;52(12):1023-9. doi: 10.1016/0024-3205(93)90194-8.


We determined the uptake blockade produced by eight new antidepressant drugs (etoperidone, femoxetine, lofepramine, nefazodone, paroxetine, sertraline, tomoxetine, and venlafaxine), two metabolites of newer antidepressants (desmethylsertraline and norfluoxetine), seven previously reported antidepressants, and carbamazepine. Inhibitor constants (Kis) for uptake blockade were obtained from competitive uptake studies with [3H]norepinephrine, [3H]5-hydroxytryptamine, and [3H]dopamine in rat brain synaptosomes prepared from hippocampus, frontal cortex, and striatum, respectively. Among the newer compounds, tomoxetine (Ki = 0.7 nM) and lofepramine (Ki = 1.9 nM) were potent and selective [3H]norepinephrine uptake blockers; paroxetine (Ki = 0.73 nM), sertraline (Ki = 3.4 nM), and femoxetine (Ki = 22 nM) potently and selectively inhibited [3H]5-hydroxytryptamine uptake. Although none of the drugs was potent for [3H]dopamine uptake blockade, sertraline was the most potent (Ki = 260 nM). These data are useful in predicting adverse effects and drug-drug interactions of antidepressants.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antidepressive Agents / pharmacology*
  • Biogenic Amines / metabolism*
  • Biological Transport / drug effects
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Cerebral Cortex / metabolism
  • Corpus Striatum / metabolism
  • Dopamine / metabolism
  • Hippocampus / metabolism
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Norepinephrine / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Serotonin / metabolism
  • Synaptosomes / drug effects
  • Synaptosomes / metabolism*


  • Antidepressive Agents
  • Biogenic Amines
  • Serotonin
  • Dopamine
  • Norepinephrine