Preparation for undergoing an invasive medical procedure: interacting effects of information and coping style

J Consult Clin Psychol. 1993 Feb;61(1):156-164. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.61.1.156.


The present study investigated the interacting effects of an information-based preparation and dispositional desire for information among first-time cardiac catheterization patients. Seventy-two male and female Ss were randomly assigned to either a high- or low-information preparation condition. Dispositional desire for information was assessed with the Krantz Health Opinion Survey and the Miller Behavioral Styles Scale. Desire for information was not associated with a desire for control. When desire for information and preparatory information level were matched, there was less behavioral anxiety, more problem-focused coping, and less emotion-focused coping during catheterization. Coping disposition alone did not affect adjustment during catheterization. Information condition did affect adjustment, with high information resulting in more positive self-statements and less time to complete the procedure.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anxiety / psychology
  • Arousal
  • Cardiac Catheterization / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Sick Role*