Treatment outcomes for temporomandibular joint reconstruction after Proplast-Teflon implant failure

J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1993 Apr;51(4):352-8; discussion 359-60. doi: 10.1016/s0278-2391(10)80343-x.

Abstract

A retrospective study of 107 patients (male, n = 13; female, n = 94) with 163 joints previously treated with Proplast-Teflon (PT; Vitek, Inc, Houston, TX) implants was performed. The average time in situ for the PT was 59.8 months (range, 2 to 126 months). Average length of follow-up was 84.6 months (range, 59 to 126 months). Only 12% of joints showed no significant osseous changes radiographically. Forty-five patients (42%) continue to have in situ PT implants and 36% of them experience pain that requires medication; 25% have developed an anterior open bite and malocclusion; 9% have limited vertical opening; and 40% are asymptomatic. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) reconstruction after PT implant failure was performed with five different autologous tissues or a total joint prosthesis. Autologous tissues used to reconstruct the TMJ and the rates of success were as follows: 1) 31% free temporalis fascia and muscle graft with and 13% without sagittal split ramus osteotomy, 2) 8% dermis, 3) 25% conchal cartilage, 4) 12% costochondral grafts, and 5) 21% sternoclavicular grafts. The success rate decreased in all autologous tissue groups as the number of TMJ surgeries performed before reconstruction increased. Ankylosis was the most common cause of failure. Results of TMJ reconstruction with a total joint prosthesis were as follows: 1) 88% functional and occlusal stability of total joint prosthesis; 2) level of pain reduction was rated as 46% good, 38% fair, and 16% poor; and 3) an average interincisal opening of 27 mm at 24 months or less, and 33 mm at 25 months and beyond.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Ankylosis / etiology
  • Bone Transplantation
  • Cartilage / transplantation
  • Child
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Granuloma, Foreign-Body / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Joint Prosthesis / adverse effects*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polytetrafluoroethylene / adverse effects*
  • Proplast / adverse effects*
  • Prosthesis Failure
  • Reoperation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sex Factors
  • Skin Transplantation
  • Temporal Muscle / transplantation
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / surgery*
  • Treatment Failure
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Proplast
  • Polytetrafluoroethylene