Cholecystokinin receptors and memory: a radial maze study

Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1993 Mar;44(3):509-17. doi: 10.1016/0091-3057(93)90160-u.


CCK receptor agonists and antagonists have repeatedly been demonstrated to improve and impair, respectively, learning and memory functions. However, all studies to date have exploited avoidance paradigms. In the present study, the effect of some CCK receptor agonists and antagonists on the ability to learn an appetitively motivated task and to influence spatial working memory was investigated. In the first experiment, drugs were given immediately after each training session in the radial maze and the animals were tested, drug-free, during a 2-week period. After the initial treatments with caerulein, an unselective CCK receptor agonist (100 ng/kg SC), the animals were slightly less successful to obtain food pellets during the sessions on the first 2 days; whereas proglumide, an unselective CCK receptor antagonist (1 mg/kg SC) was without any effect. However, on the following days, all the three groups of rats (saline, caerulein, and proglumide) performed in a similar way. In the second experiment, drugs were given before each test session to well-trained animals. Scopolamine (0.15 and 0.3 mg/kg IP), the reference amnestic drug, produced dose-dependent impairment of working memory in the radial maze test. Proglumide (1 and 10 mg/kg SC) and devazepide, (a selective CCK-A receptor antagonist; 0.01 and 1 mg/kg SC), as well as caerulein (0.01, 0.1 and 1 microgram/kg SC) and CCK-4 (a selective CCK-B receptor agonist; 25 and 50 micrograms/kg SC) had no reliable effect.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Benzodiazepinones / pharmacology
  • Ceruletide / pharmacology
  • Cholecystokinin / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Cholecystokinin / pharmacology
  • Devazepide
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Interactions
  • Food
  • Habituation, Psychophysiologic / drug effects
  • Learning / drug effects
  • Male
  • Memory / drug effects*
  • Motivation
  • Proglumide / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptors, Cholecystokinin / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Receptors, Cholecystokinin / drug effects*
  • Scopolamine / pharmacology


  • Benzodiazepinones
  • Receptors, Cholecystokinin
  • Ceruletide
  • Cholecystokinin
  • Scopolamine
  • Proglumide
  • Devazepide