The effects of static and ballistic stretching on delayed onset muscle soreness and creatine kinase

Res Q Exerc Sport. 1993 Mar;64(1):103-7. doi: 10.1080/02701367.1993.10608784.


The purpose of this study was to determine if static and ballistic stretching would induce significant amounts of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and increases in creatine kinase (CK). Twenty males were randomly assigned to a static (STATIC) or ballistic stretching (BALLISTIC) group. All performed three sets of 17 stretches during a 90-min period, the only group difference being that STATIC remained stationary during each 60-s stretch while BALLISTIC performed bouncing movements. Subjective ratings of DOMS (scale: 1-10) and serum CK levels were assessed before and every 24 hours post stretching, for 5 days. A repeated measures ANOVA revealed a significant main effect due to time (p < 0.05), with peak soreness occurring at 24 hours after (M = 2.8 +/- 1.6). Surprisingly, a group effect (p < .05) demonstrated that DOMS was significantly greater for STATIC than for BALLISTIC. At 24 hours there was a 62% (p < .05) increase in CK for combined groups. These findings indicate that similar bouts of static and ballistic stretching induce significant increases in DOMS and CK in subjects unaccustomed to such exercise. Furthermore, static stretching induced significantly more DOMS than did ballistic.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Creatine Kinase / blood
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscles / physiology*
  • Pain


  • Creatine Kinase