Identification of Psilocybe cubensis spore allergens by immunoprinting

Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 1993;100(3):263-7. doi: 10.1159/000236422.


Previous studies established that Psilocybe cubensis contains potent allergens, and that a significant percentage of atopic subjects were sensitized to P. cubensis spores. The objective of this study was to identify P. cubensis spore allergens using isoelectric focusing (IEF) and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) immunoprinting. Coomassie blue staining of IEF gels detected approximately 20 bands between pI 3.6 and 9.3. Immunoprints obtained with 15 P. cubensis skin test- and RAST-positive sera revealed 13 IgE-binding bands; the most reactive were at pI 5.0 (80%), 5.6 (87%), 8.7 (80%) and 9.3 (100%). SDS-PAGE resolved 27 proteins ranging from about 13 to 112 kD. SDS-PAGE immunoprints conducted with 11 skin test- and RAST-positive sera demonstrated 18 IgE-binding bands; most sera reacted to 16 (82%), 35 (100%) and 76 kD (91%) allergens. Both electrophoretic procedures demonstrated a single allergen (at pI 9.3 and 35 kD) that reacted with all sera tested. This study corroborates the allergenic significance of P. cubensis spores and identifies the allergens of greatest importance.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Allergens / analysis*
  • Basidiomycota / physiology*
  • Blotting, Western
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Immunoglobulin E / blood
  • Isoelectric Focusing
  • Radioallergosorbent Test
  • Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
  • Spores, Fungal / immunology*


  • Allergens
  • Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
  • Immunoglobulin E