Accuracy of the PAR corneal topography system with spatial misalignment

CLAO J. 1993 Jan;19(1):64-8. doi: 10.1097/00140068-199301000-00012.


The PAR Corneal Topography System is a computerized corneal imaging system which uses close-range raster photogrammetry to measure and produce a topographic map of the corneal surface. Raster photogrammetry is a standard method of extracting object information by projecting a known pattern onto an object and recording the distortion when viewed from an oblique angle. Unlike placido disc based videokeratoscopes, the PAR system requires neither a smooth reflective surface nor precise spatial alignment for accurate imaging. We studied both the accuracy of the system with purposeful misalignment (defocusing) of the test object and determined the ability to image freshly deepithelialized, keratectomized, and photoablated corneas. The PAR system was both accurate and reproducible in imaging calibrated spheres within a defined zone in space. Whole cadaver eyes were imaged both before and immediately after removal of the epithelium, lamellar keratectomy, and laser photoablation. The system demonstrated the ability to image irregular, deepithelialized, and keratectomized corneas. The ability to maintain accuracy without precise alignment and the facility to image freshly deepithelialized and keratectomized corneas may make the system suitable for intraoperative refractive monitoring.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cornea / anatomy & histology*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Models, Anatomic
  • Ophthalmology / instrumentation
  • Reproducibility of Results