Familial interstitial deletion 11(p11.12p12) associated with parietal foramina, brachymicrocephaly, and mental retardation

Am J Med Genet. 1993 Mar 1;45(5):581-3. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.1320450512.


Parietal foramina may be an isolated autosomal dominant trait or found in syndromes. We report on two related individuals who have multiple anomalies with parietal foramina and the deletion of 11(p11.12p12) due to the inheritance of a derivative chromosome 11 from an insertional translocation dir ins (13;11)(q14.1; p11.12p12). Results of initial chromosome analyses on the proposita and her maternal half-uncle were reported as normal. However, the clinical manifestations and family history suggested a chromosomal cause and cytogenetic studies were performed on the proposita's mother. A derivative chromosome 13 was initially identified and further evaluation documented a derivative 11 as the reciprocal product. This family illustrates the importance of performing chromosome studies on the normal intervening relatives in families with multiple affected individuals with mental retardation and minor anomalies as one of the two reciprocal products may be more easily detectable in a balanced carrier. Additionally, the finding of del(11)(p11.12p12) may provide a map location for a syndrome which includes parietal foramina.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics
  • Child
  • Chromosome Deletion*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intellectual Disability / genetics*
  • Microcephaly / genetics*
  • Parietal Bone / abnormalities*
  • Pedigree
  • Syndrome
  • Translocation, Genetic