Effects of renal failure on skeletal muscle

Nephron. 1993;63(4):395-9. doi: 10.1159/000187241.

Abstract

In this cross-sectional study, we examined biopsies from the vastus lateralis muscle of 13 predialytic uremic men (mean age 46 +/- 8 years). Their average glomerular filtration rate was 14 +/- 7 ml/min x 1.73 m2 and their maximal exercise capacity, measured by standardized exercise test on a bicycle ergometer, was 184 +/- 45 W (94% of the expected norm). The proportion of type I fibers (type I%) in the uremic group was similar to that of the reference group (42 +/- 11 vs. 41 +/- 8% NS). The proportion of type IIA fibers (type IIA%) in the uremic group was higher than in the reference group (44 +/- 10 compared to 35 +/- 9%, p < 0.05). The proportion of type IIB fibers (type IIB%) was lower than in the reference group (13 +/- 8 vs. 21 +/- 8%, p < 0.05). Type I fiber area was similar to that of the reference group (4,768 +/- 1,033 vs. 4,627 +/- 1,112 microns 2, NS). Type IIA and type IIB fiber areas tended to be smaller than those of the reference group (type IIA fiber area: 4,515 +/- 929 vs. 5,213 +/- 1,288 microns 2, NS; type IIB fiber area: 3,953 +/- 1,066 vs. 4,406 +/- 1,582 microns 2, NS) with a type IIA area/type I area ratio which was significantly lower than in the reference group. Citrate synthase activity was 0.48 +/- 0.08 mu kat/g in the uremic group and 0.50 +/- 0.08 mu kat/g in the reference group, NS.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Citrate (si)-Synthase / metabolism
  • Exercise / physiology
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscles / enzymology
  • Muscles / pathology*
  • Muscles / physiopathology
  • Phosphofructokinase-1 / metabolism
  • Uremia / pathology*
  • Uremia / physiopathology

Substances

  • Citrate (si)-Synthase
  • Phosphofructokinase-1