Diagnostic x-ray exposure and lens opacities: the Beaver Dam Eye Study

Am J Public Health. 1993 Apr;83(4):588-90. doi: 10.2105/ajph.83.4.588.


The Beaver Dam Eye Study is a population-based study of common age-related eye diseases. During the standardized medical history, the 4926 subjects were asked whether they had ever had a chest x-ray, computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan of the head, other x-rays of the head, x-rays of the abdomen, or other diagnostic x-rays. The eye examination included photographs of the lenses of the eyes, which were subsequently graded according to protocol. Nuclear sclerosis and posterior subcapsular opacity were significantly associated with CAT scans. If these relationships are causal, it would highlight the importance of minimizing such exposure to the lens of the eye.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cataract / diagnosis
  • Cataract / epidemiology*
  • Cataract / etiology
  • Causality
  • Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ophthalmoscopy
  • Prevalence
  • Radiography / adverse effects*
  • Radiography / statistics & numerical data
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Sex Factors
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / adverse effects*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / statistics & numerical data
  • Wisconsin / epidemiology