Comparison of simultaneous 99mTc-HMPAO and 111In oxine labelled white cell scans in the assessment of inflammatory bowel disease

Eur J Nucl Med. 1993 Mar;20(3):195-200. doi: 10.1007/BF00169998.


Forty-seven patients, 29 with chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and 18 with presumed irritable bowel syndrome, including one with uncomplicated diverticular disease, were studied with simultaneous technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime and indium-111 oxine labelled leucocyte scans performed at 1, 3 and 24 h. Twenty-seven patients with IBD had active disease as judged by clinical and laboratory criteria and all of these had positive scans with both agents. No false positive studies were obtained. The 1-h 99mTc-HMPAO WBC scans showed the same distribution to disease as the 3-h 111-In WBC scans, with no difference in intensity (P < 0.92); they showed more extensive disease (P < 0.02) and more intense uptake (P < 0.001) than did the 1-h 111-In scans. The 3-h 99mTc-HMPAO WBC scans showed more extensive disease (P < 0.002), with greater intensity (P < 0.0005), than did the 3-h 111In WBC scans. Physiological bowel activity on 3-h 99mTc-HMPAO WBC scans was present in 12 patients but was faint and did not interfere with assessment of disease extent and activity. It is concluded that in terms of isotope availability, radiation dosimetry and image quality, 99mTc-HMPAO is the agent of choice in detecting active IBD, with localization of disease possible at 1-h after re-injection and optimal resolution and definition of disease extent at 3 h. A negative scan reliably excludes active disease.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Colonic Diseases, Functional / diagnostic imaging
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Indium Radioisotopes*
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Intestines / diagnostic imaging
  • Leukocytes*
  • Male
  • Organometallic Compounds*
  • Organotechnetium Compounds*
  • Oximes*
  • Oxyquinoline / analogs & derivatives*
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Technetium Tc 99m Exametazime
  • Time Factors


  • Indium Radioisotopes
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • Organotechnetium Compounds
  • Oximes
  • indium oxine
  • Technetium Tc 99m Exametazime
  • Oxyquinoline