Differences in P300 amplitudes and topography between cycloid psychosis and schizophrenia in Leonhard's classification

Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1993 Mar;87(3):179-83. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.1993.tb03352.x.


In a polydiagnostic approach, we investigated the parameters of auditory P300 in a group of 18 remitted schizophrenics and in 18 age- and sex-matched controls. All patients fulfilled the criteria of schizophrenic disorder according to DSM-III-R. Applying Leonhard's classification, patients were to be subdivided into 7 cycloid psychosis and 11 Leonhard's schizophrenics. Patients with cycloid psychosis fulfilled the operational criteria of Brockington et al. We found significantly lower P300 amplitudes in the group of Leonhard's schizophrenics than in controls and in cycloid psychosis, whereas no difference could be shown between patients with cycloid psychosis and controls. Both the maxima and the minima of the P300 field map were dislocated significantly to the right in the group of Leonhard's schizophrenics but not in cycloid psychosis.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Evoked Potentials, Auditory*
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Psychotic Disorders / classification
  • Psychotic Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Psychotic Disorders / psychology
  • Schizophrenia / classification
  • Schizophrenia / diagnosis*
  • Schizophrenic Psychology