A model for the interaction of the GM-CSF, IL-3 and IL-5 receptors with their ligands

Growth Factors. 1993;8(2):87-97. doi: 10.3109/08977199309046929.


The high affinity receptors for GM-CSF, IL-3 and IL-5 are heterodimers consisting of a ligand-specific alpha chain and a common beta chain. These proteins are members of a family of proteins known as the "cytokine receptor family" which is characterized by the presence of a 200-residue ligand-binding module. The GM-CSF, IL-3 and IL-5 receptor alpha chains constitute a distinct subgroup and share features not found in other members of the cytokine receptor family, features which we propose to be important for their interaction with the common beta chain and for their binding of the structurally-related ligands. The growth hormone receptor is a well-characterized member of the cytokine receptor family. Based on the structure of the complex between growth hormone and its receptor, we have proposed sites of contact between the GM-CSF, IL-3 and IL-5 receptors and their cognate ligands.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-3 / metabolism*
  • Interleukin-5 / metabolism*
  • Models, Structural
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Receptors, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / chemistry
  • Receptors, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / genetics
  • Receptors, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Immunologic / chemistry
  • Receptors, Immunologic / genetics
  • Receptors, Immunologic / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Interleukin*
  • Receptors, Interleukin-3 / chemistry
  • Receptors, Interleukin-3 / genetics
  • Receptors, Interleukin-3 / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Interleukin-5
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • Interleukin-3
  • Interleukin-5
  • Receptors, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Receptors, Immunologic
  • Receptors, Interleukin
  • Receptors, Interleukin-3
  • Receptors, Interleukin-5
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor