Experimental infection of Anopheles gambiae s.s., Anopheles freeborni and Anopheles stephensi with Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium brasilianum

J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1993 Mar;9(1):68-71.


Susceptibility to infection of 2 strains of Anopheles gambiae s.s., An. freeborni and An. stephensi, was determined for 2 closely related malaria parasites, Plasmodium malariae and P. brasilianum. Neither strain of An. gambiae supported development of oocyst densities as great as the other 2 anopheline mosquitoes. The ZAN strain of An. gambiae s.s. from Zanzibar was more susceptible to infection with the strain of P. malariae from Uganda than the G-3 strain of An. gambiae s.s. from The Gambia. All species and strains of mosquitoes supported complete development to the presence of sporozoites in the salivary glands.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anopheles / parasitology*
  • Aotus trivirgatus
  • Host-Parasite Interactions
  • Pan troglodytes
  • Plasmodium / physiology*
  • Plasmodium malariae / physiology*
  • Saimiri
  • Species Specificity