Susceptibility to infection of 2 strains of Anopheles gambiae s.s., An. freeborni and An. stephensi, was determined for 2 closely related malaria parasites, Plasmodium malariae and P. brasilianum. Neither strain of An. gambiae supported development of oocyst densities as great as the other 2 anopheline mosquitoes. The ZAN strain of An. gambiae s.s. from Zanzibar was more susceptible to infection with the strain of P. malariae from Uganda than the G-3 strain of An. gambiae s.s. from The Gambia. All species and strains of mosquitoes supported complete development to the presence of sporozoites in the salivary glands.