Lung glutathione reductase induction in aging catalase-depleted frogs correlates with early survival throughout the life span

Mech Ageing Dev. 1993 Feb;67(1-2):115-27. doi: 10.1016/0047-6374(93)90116-9.


A comprehensive experimental study on free radical-related parameters was performed in the lung throughout the life span of 220 initially young or old frogs. No age related differences were found transversely or longitudinally for lung superoxide dismutase, catalase, Se-dependent and -independent glutathione peroxidases, glutathione reductase, GSH, GSSG, or GSSG/GSH ratio. Continuous catalase depletion with aminotriazole led to glutathione reductase induction in the lung after 14.5 months of experimentation. This was accompanied by a great increase in survival rate of treated animals in relation to controls (especially in the old group). After 26.5 months of experimentation, glutathione reductase induction was lost and GSSG/GSH values tended to increase. This was followed by a 3-month long period of acute decrease in survival rate of treated animals. It is suggested that a high antioxidant/prooxidant balance is of protective value against causes of early death and can possibly be used in the future (when appropriately controlled) to increase the number of healthy years of the normal life span.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aging / metabolism*
  • Amitrole / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Catalase / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Enzyme Induction
  • Free Radicals
  • Glutathione / analogs & derivatives
  • Glutathione / metabolism
  • Glutathione Disulfide
  • Glutathione Reductase / biosynthesis*
  • Lung / drug effects
  • Lung / metabolism*
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Ranidae


  • Free Radicals
  • Catalase
  • Glutathione Reductase
  • Glutathione
  • Glutathione Disulfide
  • Amitrole