UV Irradiation of Escherichia Coli Modulates Mutagenesis at a Site-Specific Ethenocytosine Residue on M13 DNA. Evidence for an Inducible recA-independent Effect

Biochemistry. 1993 Apr 20;32(15):4112-20. doi: 10.1021/bi00066a037.


Mutagenic action of chemical and physical mutagens is mediated through DNA damage and subsequent misreplication at sites of unrepaired damage. Most DNA damage is noninstructive in the sense that the causative chemical modification either destroys the template information or renders it inaccessible to the DNA polymerase. Noninstructive adducts possess high genotoxicity because they stop DNA replication. Replication past noninstructive adducts is thought to depend on induced functions in addition to the regular replication machinery. In Escherichia coli, noninstructive DNA damage leads to induction of the SOS regulon, which in turn is thought to provide the inducible functions required for replicative bypass of the lesion. Because of the absence of accessible template instruction, base incorporation opposite noninstructive lesions is inherently error-prone and results in mutagenesis. Ethenocytosine (epsilon C), an exocyclic DNA lesion induced by carcinogens such as vinyl chloride and urethane, is a highly mutagenic, noninstructive lesion on the basis of its template characteristics in vivo and in vitro. However, mutagenesis at epsilon C does not require SOS functions, as evidenced by efficient mutagenesis in recA-deleted E. coli. Even though efficient mutagenesis in recA-deleted cells shows a lack of SOS dependence, the question remains whether SOS induction can modulate mutagenesis opposite epsilon C. To examine the possible contribution of SOS functions to mutagenesis at epsilon C, we constructed an M13 duplex circular DNA molecule containing an epsilon C residue at a unique site. The construct was transfected into nonirradiated or UV-irradiated E. coli.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Bacteriophage M13 / genetics*
  • Bacteriophage M13 / radiation effects
  • Base Sequence
  • Cytosine / analogs & derivatives*
  • DNA, Viral / genetics*
  • DNA, Viral / isolation & purification
  • DNA, Viral / radiation effects
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
  • Escherichia coli / genetics*
  • Escherichia coli / radiation effects
  • Gene Deletion
  • Genes, Bacterial
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Rec A Recombinases / genetics*
  • Rec A Recombinases / metabolism
  • Ultraviolet Rays*
  • beta-Galactosidase / genetics
  • beta-Galactosidase / metabolism


  • 3,N(4)-ethenocytosine
  • DNA, Viral
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  • Cytosine
  • Rec A Recombinases
  • beta-Galactosidase