Recent advances in technology have made radiographic magnification of the skeleton clinically feasible. A new electron gun micro-focal tube combined with new high-resolution recording systems were used to perform magnification radiography which was then compared with conventional contact radiography. Quantitative evaluation included measurements of speed, contrast, resolution, and noise. Qualitative evaluation included an analysis of 215 clinical cases in which both techniques were used. The superior image quality of direct radiographic magnification is confirmed and the clinical areas in which it proved most helpful are defined.