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Clinical Trial
. 1993 Apr;168(4):1164-9.
doi: 10.1016/0002-9378(93)90362-m.

The Effect of Acetaminophen on Prostacyclin Production in Pregnant Women

Clinical Trial

The Effect of Acetaminophen on Prostacyclin Production in Pregnant Women

W F O'Brien et al. Am J Obstet Gynecol. .


Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine if acetaminophen decreased prostacyclin production by endothelial cells in culture and by pregnant women.

Study design: The effect of acetaminophen on endothelial cells in culture was determined by the addition of acetaminophen in concentrations of 10 and 100 micrograms/ml with comparison to control and indomethacin at 10 micrograms/ml. Prostacyclin production was estimated in 24 and thromboxane A2 production in six third-trimester pregnant women by measurement of excretion of urinary metabolites before and after ingestion of either 1000 mg of acetaminophen or placebo.

Results: Compared with control (549 +/- 61 pg/well, mean +/- SD), production of prostacyclin in vitro was significantly inhibited by acetaminophen at 10 micrograms/ml (321 +/- 25) and 100 micrograms/ml (257 +/- 14). This inhibition is similar to inhibition by 10 micrograms/ml of indomethacin (228 +/- 11). Excretion of prostacyclin metabolite was significantly lower after ingestion of acetaminophen (2233 +/- 446 vs 1246 +/- 199 pg/mg creatinine, mean +/- SEM) but unchanged after ingestion of placebo (1745 +/- 304 vs 1712 +/- 211). There was no difference in response between normal and hypertensive women, and there was no effect of acetaminophen on thromboxane metabolite excretion.

Conclusion: Acetaminophen in typical oral doses results in reduced production of prostacyclin by endothelial cells in culture and in a reduction in prostacyclin, but not thromboxane, production in pregnant women.

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