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. 1993 Apr;71(4):1065-70.
doi: 10.2527/1993.7141065x.

Teaching Principles of Behavior and Equipment Design for Handling Livestock

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Teaching Principles of Behavior and Equipment Design for Handling Livestock

T Grandin. J Anim Sci. .

Abstract

A course is described in which students are taught principles of livestock behavior and how an understanding of behavior can facilitate handling. Some of the principles that are covered in the course are livestock senses, flight zone, herd behavior during handling, and methods to reduce stress during handling. To teach problem solving and original thinking, the students design three different types of handling facilities. Design of restraint equipment and humane slaughter procedures are also covered. Both existing systems and ideas for future systems are discussed. Students are provided with information from both scientific studies and practical experience.

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