We examined 38 children (20 boys and 18 girls) with anisometropic amblyopia without strabismus who had been treated with occlusion therapy. At the initial visit, their ages ranged from five to ten years. Their visual acuity scores improved after therapy, and this was unrelated to patient age. The amount of anisometropia, visual acuity at the initial visit, and compliance were related to improved visual acuity in the amblyopic eye. The visual acuity improved for six months after therapy. No further gains were detected thereafter.