Frequency and morbidity of severe hypoglycaemia in insulin-treated diabetic patients

Diabet Med. 1993 Apr;10(3):238-45. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.1993.tb00051.x.

Abstract

To estimate the frequency and morbidity of insulin-induced hypoglycaemia, a retrospective survey was undertaken of the frequency of severe hypoglycaemia in 600 randomly selected patients with insulin-treated diabetes who were attending a large diabetic outpatient clinic in a teaching hospital. The resulting morbidity (hypoglycaemia-related injuries, convulsions, and road traffic accidents) was ascertained in 302 patients. One hundred and seventy-five (29.2%) of the 600 patients reported a total of 964 episodes of severe hypoglycaemia in the preceding year, giving an overall frequency for the group of 1.60 episodes patient-1year-1. The frequency of severe hypoglycaemia which was documented in 544 Type 1 (ketosis prone) diabetic patients was double that observed in a subgroup of 56 Type 2 diabetic patients who were being treated with insulin (1.70 vs 0.73 episodes patient-1year-1). In the subset of 302 patients, those who had experienced severe hypoglycaemia had greater morbidity associated with an estimated rate of injury of 0.04 injuries person-1year-1. Twenty (6.6%) patients reported a total of 37 convulsions associated with hypoglycaemia, 5 of which had occurred in the preceding year (0.02 convulsions person-1year-1). Five patients reported road traffic accidents in the preceding year which had been caused by hypoglycaemia. The only reliable predictors of severe hypoglycaemia were a history of previous severe hypoglycaemia (p < 0.001), a history of hypoglycaemia-related injury (p < 0.001) or convulsion (p < 0.001), and the duration of insulin therapy (p < 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidents
  • Accidents, Traffic
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cohort Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemia / chemically induced
  • Hypoglycemia / epidemiology*
  • Hypoglycemia / physiopathology*
  • Insulin / adverse effects*
  • Insulin / therapeutic use
  • Middle Aged
  • Morbidity
  • Risk Factors
  • Seizures / epidemiology
  • Seizures / etiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Factors
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / etiology

Substances

  • Insulin