Prediction of cancer and coronary heart disease mortality by means of a personality inventory: results of a 15-year follow-up study

Psychol Rep. 1993 Apr;72(2):499-516. doi: 10.2466/pr0.1993.72.2.499.

Abstract

This paper reports on the 1982-1986 follow-up of two samples of healthy persons first studied in 1972 and followed up in 1982 when mortality and cause of death were established (N = 2,146). Both were related to stress and personality type according to clearly elaborated theories, and results were very much in accordance with theory. The second follow-up was instigated to answer criticisms of the first study and to test whether results would still support the theories involved. The data support the previous results strongly and show that psychosocial data can predict with considerable accuracy mortality and cause of death over 14 years ahead.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cause of Death
  • Coronary Disease / mortality
  • Coronary Disease / psychology*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Germany
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / mortality
  • Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Analysis
  • Type A Personality
  • Yugoslavia