Intracoronary pressure and flow velocity with sensor-tip guidewires: a new methodologic approach for assessment of coronary hemodynamics before and after coronary interventions

Am J Cardiol. 1993 May 20;71(14):41D-53D. doi: 10.1016/0002-9149(93)90133-w.


The use of miniaturized pressure and velocity sensors mounted on angioplasty guidewires allows the simultaneous measurement of coronary blood flow velocity and transstenotic pressure gradient, 2 parameters that, combined, should perfectly characterize stenosis hemodynamics. The aim of this article is assessment of the changes in coronary blood flow velocity observed with a Doppler-tipped angioplasty guidewire in 35 patients undergoing balloon angioplasty. We also report our initial experience in 16 patients with the combined use of sensor-tip pressure and Doppler guidewires, and we discuss the application of new methodologic approaches for the study of the coronary circulation allowed by these techniques, such as the instantaneous assessment of the flow velocity/pressure and pressure gradient/flow velocity relations. Before and after angioplasty, flow velocity measurements were obtained distal to the stenosis, both in baseline conditions and after intracoronary injection of 8-12.5 mg of papaverine. The Doppler guidewire was left in place during the dilation procedure and the Doppler signal was continuously recorded during balloon inflation and after deflation to monitor the development of collateral flow, the restoration of flow after balloon deflation, the phase of postocclusive reactive hyperemia, and, incidently, the development of flow-limiting complications. Merits and pitfalls of several flow velocity parameters (average peak velocity, coronary flow velocity reserve, diastolic/systolic velocity ratio), as well as of parameters derived from the combination of pressure and velocity measurements (transstenotic pressure gradient/flow velocity relation and instantaneous diastolic hyperemic flow velocity/pressure relation) were evaluated in 35 patients with, and 37 without, significant coronary stenoses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Blood Pressure
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Circulation / physiology*
  • Coronary Disease / diagnostic imaging*
  • Coronary Disease / physiopathology*
  • Coronary Disease / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monitoring, Intraoperative / methods*
  • Postoperative Period
  • Ultrasonography / instrumentation