Narrowing the position of the Treacher Collins syndrome locus to a small interval between three new microsatellite markers at 5q32-33.1

Am J Hum Genet. 1993 May;52(5):907-14.


Treacher Collins syndrome (TCOF1) is an autosomal dominant disorder of craniofacial development, the features of which include conductive hearing loss and cleft palate. The TCOF1 locus has been localized to chromosome 5q32-33.2. In the present study we have used the combined techniques of genetic linkage analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to more accurately define the TCOF1 critical region. Cosmids IG90 and SPARC, which map to distal 5q, encompass two and one hypervariable microsatellite markers, respectively. The heterozygosity values of these three markers range from .72 to .81. Twenty-two unrelated TCOF1 families have been analyzed for linkage to these markers. There is strong evidence demonstrating linkage to all three markers, the strongest support for positive linkage being provided by haplotyping those markers at the locus encompassed by the cosmid IG90 (Zmax = 19.65; theta = .010). FISH to metaphase chromosomes and interphase nuclei established that IG90 lies centromeric to SPARC. This information combined with the data generated by genetic linkage analysis demonstrated that the TCOF1 locus is closely flanked proximally by IG90 and distally by SPARC.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Centromere
  • Child
  • Chromosome Mapping / methods
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5*
  • Cosmids
  • DNA, Satellite / analysis
  • Female
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Male
  • Mandibulofacial Dysostosis / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Pedigree
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction


  • DNA, Satellite