Complex carbohydrates in the prevention of nocturnal hypoglycaemia in diabetic children

Eur J Clin Nutr. 1993 Apr;47(4):268-73.

Abstract

In order to prevent nocturnal hypoglycaemia in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with complex carbohydrates a pilot-study was designed with nine children with ages of 9-18 years. The children were admitted twice to the hospital (control and test) and remained the evening, night and morning the following day. The standard evening snack, given on the control day, was replaced on the test day by a test snack which contained a solution of uncooked cornstarch as a source of complex carbohydrates. The carbohydrate content of the test snack was maintained but did not contain mono- and disaccharides. Blood samples were collected and when the child had blood glucose concentrations of < or = 3.0 mmol/l or showed clinical symptoms of impending hypoglycaemia, intervention occurred with extra carbohydrates. Six out of nine children needed intervention after the standard snack (blood glucose concentrations were 1.8, 2.7, 3.0, 3.6 and 3.7 mmol/l). After the test snack this was four out of nine (blood glucose concentrations were 2.3, 2.6, 3.2 and 3.2). Three children needed a second intervention after the standard snack versus two after the test snack. One child needed a third intervention after the standard snack. The time of intervention ranged from 11 p.m. to 4 a.m. and from 10 p.m. to 12 a.m., respectively, on the day of the standard and test snack. Raw cornstarch, as a source of complex carbohydrates, did not prevent nocturnal hypoglycaemia in the dose used but blood glucose levels dropped more slowly than those after the standard snack.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • C-Peptide / blood
  • Child
  • Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / complications*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemia / blood
  • Hypoglycemia / diet therapy*
  • Hypoglycemia / etiology
  • Insulin / blood
  • Insulin / therapeutic use
  • Male
  • Starch / therapeutic use*
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • C-Peptide
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Insulin
  • Starch