Stereotactic radiosurgery of cavernous sinus meningiomas as an addition or alternative to microsurgery

Neurosurgery. 1993 May;32(5):699-704; discussion 704-5. doi: 10.1227/00006123-199305000-00001.

Abstract

To evaluate the response of cavernous sinus meningiomas to stereotactic radiosurgery, we reviewed our 54-month experience with 34 patients. All patients underwent radiosurgery with a 201-source cobalt-60 gamma unit. Twenty-eight patients (82%) had previous histological confirmation of a meningioma (1 to 5 cranial base craniotomies per patient); 6 (18%) were treated on the basis of neuroimaging criteria alone. The single-fraction radiation tumor margin dose (10 to 20 Gy) was designed to conform to the irregular tumor volumes in all patients. The maximum radiation dose to the optic nerve or tract was reduced to 9 Gy in 31 patients. No patient had tumor growth (100% tumor control) during the follow-up interval (median, 26 mo). Tumor regression was observed in 56% of patients imaged at an average of 18 months. Eight patients (24%) improved clinically at follow-up examinations. Four patients developed new or worsened cranial nerve deficits during the follow-up interval; two had subsequent full improvement. No patient developed an endocrinopathy or new extraocular muscle paresis. Stereotactic radiosurgery, using multiple isocenter dosimetry facilitated by the gamma unit, is an accurate, safe, and effective technique to prevent the growth of tumors involving the cavernous sinus. Despite the proximity of such tumors to adjacent cranial nerves, complications were rare. The maximum length of hospital stay was 36 hours, and all patients returned to their preoperative employment status within 3 to 5 days.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cavernous Sinus / diagnostic imaging
  • Cavernous Sinus / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meningeal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Meningeal Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Meningioma / diagnostic imaging
  • Meningioma / surgery*
  • Microsurgery*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurologic Examination
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnostic imaging
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology*
  • Radiosurgery* / instrumentation
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed