A group of 47 children with coeliac disease, born between 1973 and 1978 in the Swedish county of Västmanland, participated in a controlled questionnaire study. Health, self-esteem, knowledge of the disease and dietary compliance were investigated. The children with coeliac disease were otherwise just as healthy as the control children. Growth and self-esteem were normal. Good knowledge of coeliac disease and dietary treatment was found in 87% of children and dietary compliance was 81%. Girls and younger children (12-14 years) were more compliant than boys and older children (15-17 years). Compliance correlated positively to knowledge.