Two independent selective breeding programs have developed divergent lines of mice expressing either high and low swim stress-induced analgesia (HA/LA lines; Jastrzebiec, Poland) or high and low levorphanol analgesia (HAR/LAR lines; Portland, OR). In the present study, mice from both programs were tested for both levorphanol analgesia (2 mg/kg) and an opioid-mediated swim stress-induced analgesia (3 min swimming in 32 degrees C water) in the hot-plate test. Mice selected for high and low levorphanol analgesia displayed high and low swim stress-induced analgesia, respectively; mice selected for high and low swim stress-induced analgesia displayed high and low levorphanol analgesia, respectively. This pattern of correlated responses suggests a high degree of common genetic determination in opiate and swim stress-induced analgesia. These findings also suggest that individual differences in analgesic responsiveness to opiate drugs result from genetically determined individual differences in endogenous pain inhibitory mechanisms.