Genesis of biphasic thermal response to intrapreoptically microinjected clonidine

Brain Res Bull. 1993;31(5):509-13. doi: 10.1016/0361-9230(93)90117-t.


Intrapreoptic (IPO) microinjections of various agents cause unavoidable brain tissue injury, often resulting in prostaglandin (PG)-mediated core temperature (Tc) rises. However, IPO microinjection of the alpha 2-adrenoreceptor agonist clonidine (Clo) generally evokes a Tc fall, seemingly avoiding the influence of injury due to the microinjection procedure per se. To clarify this, we microinjected bilaterally into the preoptic/anterior hypothalamus of conscious guinea pigs various doses of Clo dissolved in pyrogen-free saline (PFS, 1 microliter/side). Clo caused biphasic hypo-/hyperthermic responses. The initial hypothermia was dose dependent: no decrease in Tc for 0.1 microgram of Clo, -0.4 +/- 0.1 degree C for 0.5 microgram, -0.9 +/- 0.1 degree C for 1.5 microgram, and -1.2 +/- 0.1 degree C for 5.0 micrograms. During the hyperthermic phase, Tc increased to a dose-independent level (1.0-1.5 degrees C), remaining there up to 5 h postinjection. PFS microinjected IPO also induced hyperthermia, but without any initial Tc decrease. This Tc rise was delayed by 100 min when the cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin (Indo, 50 micrograms/microliters) was injected. Nontreated animals (time controls) maintained Tc at baseline levels during the whole experiment. The alpha 2-antagonist rauwolscine (2 micrograms/side), microinjected IPO 10 min before Clo (0.5 microgram/side), abolished the hypothermic without affecting the hyperthermic response phase; Indo (10 mg/kg), injected intramuscularly 20 min after the IPO microinjection of Clo (0.5 microgram), significantly attenuated the hyperthermic phase. These results confirm that an artifactitious, PG-mediated Tc rise consequent to nonspecific brain tissue injury contaminates the thermal response to agents (hyper- or hypothermizing) microinjected IPO.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Body Temperature / drug effects*
  • Clonidine / administration & dosage
  • Clonidine / pharmacology*
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Indomethacin / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Microinjections
  • Preoptic Area*
  • Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases / metabolism
  • Stereotaxic Techniques
  • Yohimbine / pharmacology


  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
  • Yohimbine
  • Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases
  • Clonidine
  • Indomethacin