Bone surface preparation in cemented joint replacement

J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1993 May;75(3):459-63. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.75B3.8496223.


We studied the effects of nine techniques of bone surface preparation on cement penetration and shear strength at the cement-bone interface in a standard model of bovine cancellous bone. In unprepared bone the mean penetration was 0.2 mm and the mean shear strength of the interface was 1.9 MPa, less than that of the underlying bone. Brushing with surface irrigation gave mean penetrations of 0.6 to 1.4 mm and mean shear strengths of 1.5 to 9.9 MPa. In 50% of specimens the interface was weaker than the underlying bone. The use of pressurised lavage resulted in mean penetrations of 4.8 to 7.9 mm and mean shear strengths of 26.5 to 36.1 MPa, which were greater than those of the cancellous bone in all specimens. Pressurised lavage was equally effective alone or in combination with brushing, and its efficacy was not altered by using pulsed or continuous jets, or by changing the temperature of the solution from 21 degrees C to 37 degrees C.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Cements / standards*
  • Cattle
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Joint Prosthesis / standards*
  • Osseointegration*
  • Porosity
  • Pressure
  • Prosthesis Failure
  • Pulsatile Flow
  • Temperature
  • Tensile Strength


  • Bone Cements