Massive bleeding from rectal varices

Am J Gastroenterol. 1993 Jun;88(6):939-42.


An elderly female who experienced a life-threatening bleed from an isolated rectal varix is presented. She failed endoscopic injection sclerotherapy but responded to surgical ligation. The literature concerning well-documented bleeding from eight cases of rectal varices is reviewed. Nomenclature, diagnosis, and therapy are emphasized.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Transfusion
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology*
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / therapy
  • Humans
  • Ligation
  • Middle Aged
  • Rectum / blood supply*
  • Sclerotherapy
  • Treatment Failure
  • Varicose Veins / complications*
  • Varicose Veins / therapy