Identification and expression of a cDNA from Daucus carota encoding a bifunctional aspartokinase-homoserine dehydrogenase

Plant Mol Biol. 1993 May;22(2):301-12. doi: 10.1007/BF00014937.


Aspartokinase (EC and homoserine dehydrogenase (EC catalyze steps in the pathway for the synthesis of lysine, threonine, and methionine from aspartate. Homoserine dehydrogenase was purified from carrot (Daucus carota L.) cell cultures and portions of it were subjected to amino acid sequencing. Oligonucleotides deduced from the amino acid sequences were used as primers in a polymerase chain reaction to amplify a DNA fragment using DNA derived from carrot cell culture mRNA as template. The amplification product was radiolabelled and used as a probe to identify cDNA clones from libraries derived from carrot cell culture and root RNA. Two overlapping clones were isolated. Together the cDNA clones delineate a 3089 bp long sequence encompassing an open reading frame encoding 921 amino acids, including the mature protein and a long chloroplast transit peptide. The deduced amino acid sequence has high homology with the Escherichia coli proteins aspartokinase I-homoserine dehydrogenase I and aspartokinase II-homoserine dehydrogenase II. Like the E. coli genes the isolated carrot cDNA appears to encode a bifunctional aspartokinase-homoserine dehydrogenase enzyme.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Aspartate Kinase / genetics*
  • Aspartokinase Homoserine Dehydrogenase / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Homoserine Dehydrogenase / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multienzyme Complexes / genetics*
  • Plants, Edible / enzymology
  • Plants, Edible / genetics*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Homoserine Dehydrogenase
  • Aspartate Kinase
  • Aspartokinase Homoserine Dehydrogenase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/L11529