Response characteristics of subthalamic neurons to the stimulation of the sensorimotor cortex in the rat

Brain Res. 1993 Apr 23;609(1-2):185-92. doi: 10.1016/0006-8993(93)90872-k.


Responses of the subthalamic nucleus (STH) neurons to the stimulation of the sensorimotor cortex (Cx) were recorded in intact rats and in those which received lesions in the pallidum, the neostriatum, the brainstem, or the corpus callosum. Most of the STH units (78%) exhibited two excitatory peaks which were interrupted by a brief period of inhibition. Some of units which were located in the peripheral part of the STH tended to lack the brief inhibitory component and exhibited a long period of excitation. These excitations were followed by a long-lasting inhibitory period. Intracellular recording indicated that these responses were EPSPs interrupted by a short IPSP and a long period of disfacilitation of Cx inputs. A quinolinic acid lesion of the neostriatum and a knife cut of the brainstem failed to alter these responses, while an ibotenic acid lesion of the globus pallidus abolished the short inhibition seen in the midst on the excitation. Stimulation of contralateral Cx also evoked excitatory responses in the STH. The responses were completely eliminated by a parasagittal knife cut of the rostral part of the corpus callosum.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain Stem / cytology
  • Brain Stem / physiology
  • Corpus Callosum / cytology
  • Corpus Callosum / physiology
  • Corpus Striatum / cytology
  • Corpus Striatum / physiology
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Evoked Potentials / drug effects
  • Evoked Potentials / physiology
  • Globus Pallidus / cytology
  • Globus Pallidus / physiology
  • Ibotenic Acid / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Motor Cortex / physiology*
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Quinolinic Acid / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Somatosensory Cortex / physiology*
  • Thalamic Nuclei / physiology*


  • Ibotenic Acid
  • Quinolinic Acid