The glucose-6-phosphate-isomerase reaction is essential for normal glucose repression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Eur J Biochem. 1993 May 15;214(1):121-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1993.tb17903.x.

Abstract

Wild-type Saccharomyces cerevisiae and a strain carrying a deletion in the glucose-6-phosphate-isomerase gene (pgi1) were grown in carbon-limited continuous cultures on a mixture of fructose and galactose. Pulses of glucose, fructose and galactose were given to these cultures to investigate whether the pgi1 strain was capable of normal glucose repression. Glucose and galactose pulses inhibited fructose consumption and thus glycolysis in the pgi1 strain by a combination of competition between glucose and fructose at the uptake and/or phosphorylation level and inhibition of fructose uptake and/or phosphorylation by glucose 6-phosphate. Fructose pulses administered to the pgi1 strain transiently decreased the glycolytic flux downstream of fructose-1,6-bisphosphate. Transcriptional induction of the PDC1 gene (encoding pyruvate decarboxylase) was observed after glucose or galactose pulses were applied to the pgi1 strain, demonstrating that metabolism of these sugars beyond glucose 6-phosphate is dispensable for PDC1 induction. Fructose also induced PDC1 transcription, indicating that intracellular sugars could act as trigger for PDC1 induction or, alternatively, that two inductors are present. In contrast to the wild-type transcriptional inhibition of the glucose-repressible genes, HXK1 and GAL10 (encoding hexokinase isoenzyme 1 and uridine diphosphoglucose-4-epimerase, respectively) did not occur upon addition of glucose or fructose to the pgi1 mutant. Transcriptional repression was observed after application of the fructose pulse when the yeast had resumed metabolism of fructose. These results demonstrate that the initial signal for catabolite repression is not generated by high sugar concentrations or high concentrations of intermediates; moreover a simple role for the hexokinases can also be excluded. The absence of an increased glycolytic flux in the pgi1 mutant after administration of the sugar pulses while the concentrations of sugar and glycolytic intermediates were high, suggests that the initial signal for glucose repression could be linked to an increased glycolytic flux. The occurrence of PDC1 induction in the pgi1 strain while GAL10/HXKI repression is absent, demonstrates that the initial signals for catabolite induction and catabolite repression are different.

MeSH terms

  • Blotting, Northern
  • Enzyme Induction
  • Enzyme Repression
  • Fructose / metabolism
  • Galactose / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase / genetics
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase / metabolism*
  • Glycolysis
  • Hexokinase / genetics
  • Phosphorylation
  • Pyruvate Decarboxylase / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • UDPglucose 4-Epimerase / genetics

Substances

  • Fructose
  • Hexokinase
  • Pyruvate Decarboxylase
  • UDPglucose 4-Epimerase
  • Glucose-6-Phosphate Isomerase
  • Glucose
  • Galactose