Biochemical remodeling of collagen in the heart of spontaneously hypertensive rats--prominent increase in type V collagen

Jpn Circ J. 1993 May;57(5):434-41. doi: 10.1253/jcj.57.434.

Abstract

To determine how collagen is remodeled in the heart during the development of cardiac hypertrophy, the collagen concentration and the proportions of types I, III, and V collagen were analyzed in the hearts of 10-, 20-, 32-, and 40-week-old spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. The collagen concentration was calculated after the hydroxyproline content was measured and the proportions of types I, III, and V collagen were determined by non-interrupted SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). There was no significant difference between the collagen concentrations in 10-week-old SHR and WKY. At 20 weeks, the collagen concentration in the hearts of the SHR had decreased significantly (p < 0.01) when compared to that in the WKY, at 40 weeks, this concentration in SHR had increased significantly (p < 0.05) when compared to that in the WKY. Type V collagen in WKY increased with age and type I collagen in the 20- and 40-week-old WKY decreased significantly (p < 0.05) when compared to that in the 10-week-old WKY. However, the proportion of type I collagen in the 20-week-old WKY did not differ from that of the 40-week-old WKY. There was no significant difference between the proportions of the various types of collagen in 10-week-old SHR and those in age- and sex-matched WKY. However, the proportion of type V collagen in the 20- and 40-week-old SHR was significantly (p < 0.01) higher than that in age- and sex-matched WKY.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Collagen / analysis*
  • Collagen / physiology
  • Cyanogen Bromide / metabolism
  • Female
  • Heart / physiology*
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Myocardium / chemistry*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred SHR / physiology*
  • Rats, Inbred WKY

Substances

  • Collagen
  • Cyanogen Bromide