Purpose: This study compares the outcomes of trabeculectomy and Molteno implantation in the treatment of glaucomas associated with uveitis.
Methods: Forty-five patients with uveitis, who had undergone filtering surgery for glaucomas associated with uveitis, were reviewed retrospectively. Successful outcome was defined as final intraocular pressure (IOP) of 6 to 21 mmHg, with a minimum follow-up of 6 months without visually devastating complications or loss of light perception.
Results: One- and two-year life-table success rates, respectively, were 81% and 73% with trabeculectomy (16 patients); 53% and 31% with combined trabeculectomy and first-stage (reserve) Molteno implantation (19 patients); and 79% and 79% with one-stage Molteno implantation (10 patients). In 11 patients who underwent second-stage Molteno implantation after trabeculectomy failure, 1- and 2-year life-table success rates were 79% and 79%, respectively. Complications included surgically treated choroidal effusions (1/45; 2%), choroidal hemorrhages (3/45; 7%), and chronic hypotony (3/45; 7%). Follow-up in all groups ranged from 5 to 70 months (mean +/- standard deviation, 28 +/- 17 months).
Conclusions: Trabeculectomy provides surprisingly good results in glaucomas associated with uveitis (modulation of wound healing with antimetabolites probably would afford an even higher success rate). However, when significant, immediate postoperative and/or moderate chronic postoperative inflammation is likely, aqueous drainage devices appear more likely to control IOP.