Terfenadine is rapidly and nearly completely biotransformed during a first pass to an active acid metabolite. Accumulation of unmetabolized terfenadine has been associated with altered cardiac repolarization. Drug-drug interactions resulting in the accumulation of terfenadine have been reported for ketoconazole and erythromycin. Six subjects were given the recommended dose of terfenadine (60 mg every 12 hours) for 7 days before initiation of oral fluconazole (200 mg once daily). The mean metabolite area under the concentration-time curve increased by 34% and the time to maximum concentration of the metabolite was delayed from 2.3 to 4 hours by concurrent fluconazole. Unmetabolized terfenadine was not present in any subject, and cardiac repolarization was not significantly changed from baseline during any phase of the study. We conclude that a pharmacokinetic interaction between terfenadine and fluconazole exists; however, the absence of accumulation of parent terfenadine in plasma suggests that a clinically significant interaction is unlikely.