A partial cDNA encoding the A1 adenosine receptor (A1AR), which lacks nucleotides coding for the first 74 amino acids (aa), was isolated from a rabbit kidney cDNA library. The missing 5' end sequence was obtained from an overlapping rabbit genomic clone which was found to contain the flanking 5' untranslated region (5'UTR), the first exon and part of the first intron. Together, the cDNA and genomic clones provide the entire open reading frame (ORF) encoding rabbit A1AR. The deduced aa sequence is highly homologous to the canine, rat and bovine A1ARs. These data also indicate that the A1AR gene belongs to the family of intron-containing G-protein-linked receptor genes.